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大清铜币

清代机制铜圆的铸造始于1900年(清朝光绪二十六年),止于1911年(宣统三年)。铸造流通时间尽管只有十余年,但其鼎盛时期全国共有十七省二十局开机铸造铜圆。十七省二十局先后铸造的当十铜圆,各不相同,版式繁多。仅以明显区别划分,其版式就有数百种之多。如以细微区别划分,其版式在千种以上。因此当代铜圆收藏爱好者每每以搜寻不同版式的铜圆为最大乐事。

大清铜币版式繁多,尤以当十者为最。多位清帝在位时发行过铜币来作为流通货币,铜币的使用具有重要的现实意义和历史意义,使交易逐渐便利起来。而如今,大清铜币也具有一定的收藏价值,许多收藏家对大清铜币爱不释手,而收集多种多样的铜币已经成为了他们的目标。

该币包浆熟旧,铜币正面:上缘为“宣统三年”四字,下缘为“百枚当银币一圆”七字,中间为珠纹圈,圈内有双嘉禾纹及竖“十文”二字。背面:外缘为竖读“大清铜币”四字等距分布,中间连珠纹圈,圈内为一蟠龙纹。整体观之,制作精细,造型规整,图案设计简洁大方。

宣统三年大清铜币一枚,此枚铜币样式与我们常见的大清铜币完全不同,版是非常新颖。铜币正面由两部分组成,外部上下左右分列着“大清铜币”四字,币边道高出币地表,内部圆环中有一条拱背弯曲的巨龙,翻云覆雨。龙头向左,张开大口,霸气外漏,十分威武。铜币另一面也由两部分组成,内圆中心竖线镌刻“十文”二字纪值,周边下缘镌刻两束相交的麦穗装饰,文字和图案一气呵成,给人以和谐地美感。靠边道一侧的圆环上方铸刻“宣统三年”四字,旁边各有一朵6瓣梅花。下方从右往左铸刻着“百枚换银币一圆”。此币经漫长岁月流传至今,品相仍保持的不错,其形制规整,质地优良,样式别致,是一枚不错的铜币。

对于机制铜元的收藏爱好者来说,“大清铜币宣统三年十文”铜元可谓市场上的热门品种,尤其是品相上好或原光币更是受到铜元爱好者的追捧,宣统三年(1911年),农历为辛亥年,腐朽的清王朝想统一币制,规定铜元与银元比价,并在天津造币厂机制了两套新版“大清铜币”,象征皇权的龙放在中间,俗称“字包龙”,分折银钱和折制钱两种,其中,折银钱“一分”的背上标有“十枚换银币一角”,现存世量极少,折制钱“十文”的背上标有“百枚换银币一圆”这是我国封建王朝最后一次制币,这种币铜质精良,设计新颖大方,这种宣统三年大清十文铜元有紫铜,橙红铜及白铜三种质地,此套铜元铸成后不久,适逢辛亥革命爆发,清王朝被推翻,所以铸额有限,发行量不大,存世较少。

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The casting of machine-made copper coins in Qing Dynasty began in 1900 (the 26th year of Guangxu in Qing Dynasty) and ended in 1911 (the third year of Xuantong). Although the casting circulation time is only more than ten years, in its heyday, there were 17 provinces and 20 bureaus in China casting copper round. The ten bronze circles of the seventeen provinces and twenty bureaus are different in layout. There are hundreds of different formats just by distinguishing them. If divided by subtle differences, the layout is more than one thousand. Therefore, contemporary collectors of copper coins often search for different formats of copper coins as their greatest pleasure.

There are many types of copper coins in the Qing Dynasty, especially the ten. Many emperors of the Qing Dynasty issued copper coins as currency in circulation. The use of copper coins has important practical and historical significance, which makes the transaction more convenient. Nowadays, the Qing Dynasty copper coins also have a certain collection value, many collectors can not put down the Qing Dynasty copper coins, and collecting a variety of copper coins has become their goal.

On the obverse side of the coin, there are four characters on the upper edge of the coin, seven characters on the lower edge of the coin, and a circle of beads in the middle with double Jiahe patterns and two characters on the vertical. On the back: on the outer edge of the coin, the four characters of "Da Qing copper coin" are evenly distributed, with beads in the middle and a dragon in the middle. As a whole, the production is fine, the modeling is regular, and the pattern design is simple and generous.

In the third year of Xuantong, there was one Qing Dynasty copper coin. The style of this coin was completely different from our common Qing Dynasty copper coin, and the version was very novel. The front of the coin is made up of two parts. On the outside, there are four characters of "Qing Dynasty copper coin" on the top, bottom, left and right. The edge of the coin is higher than the surface of the coin. In the inner ring, there is a huge dragon with a curved arch back, which is full of clouds and rain. Leading left, open mouth, domineering leakage, very powerful. The other side of the coin is also composed of two parts. The vertical line in the center of the inner circle is engraved with the word "Shiwen", and the lower edge is engraved with two bunches of intersecting ears of wheat. The words and patterns are formed at one time, giving people a harmonious aesthetic feeling. On the top of the ring on one side of the side road, the four characters of "the third year of Xuantong" are engraved, and there are six petals of plum blossom beside each. Below, from right to left, it is engraved with "one hundred silver coins for one round". This coin has been handed down for a long time, and its appearance is still good. Its shape is regular, its quality is good, and its style is unique. It is a good copper coin.

For the collectors of machine-made copper coins, the "Great Qing copper coin Xuantong three years ten Wen" copper coin is a popular variety in the market, especially the good appearance or the original light coin is sought after by copper coin lovers. Xuantong three years (1911), the lunar calendar is 1911, the decadent Qing Dynasty wanted to unify the currency system, stipulated the price of copper and silver, In Tianjin mint, two new versions of "Qing Dynasty copper coins" were made. The Dragon symbolizing imperial power was placed in the middle, commonly known as "Zi Bao Long". There were two kinds of coin, namely, silver coin and coin making. Among them, the back of "one cent" of silver coin was marked with "ten silver coins for a dime", which is rare in the world, On the back of the "ten Wen" coin is marked with "one hundred silver coins for one yuan". This is the last time that China's feudal dynasty made coins. This kind of coin has excellent copper quality and novel and generous design. In the third year of Xuantong reign, the Qing Dynasty's ten Wen copper coin has three kinds of texture: red copper, orange red copper and white copper, There are few in the world.


来源:珍宝艺术

特别声明:本文为艺术头条自媒体平台“艺术号”作者上传并发布,仅代表该作者观点。艺术头条仅提供信息发布平台。

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