微信分享图
打开APP

鸡血宝山子料镂空梅花摆件

鸡血玉是由亿万年前的火山喷发带出的熔岩沉淀而成,呈现我国传统吉祥喜庆的鸡血红色,光彩夺目,经抛光后灿若朝霞,呈现夺人心魄之美。
祁连山鸡血玉具有色调均匀,永不变色,耐磨损,光泽性强,质地细腻坚韧等特征。
化学成分主要以二氧化硅(SiO2)为主,含铁、镁、钙、钛、锰、铝等微量元素;·矿物成分以石英和赤铁矿为主,有少量褐铁矿、绢云母、绿泥石、金红石、白钛石等共生矿物

鸡血玉为朱砂(硫化汞) 渗透到高岭石,地开石之中而形成,这样两者交融,共生一体的天然宝石,在国内外是极为罕见的。鸡血玉产自低温热液矿床、火山岩或热泉沉积矿的朱砂条带的头尾及边缘地带,产量相当有限。鸡血玉主要用作印章及工艺雕刻品材料。 [1-2] 

鸡血玉

鸡血玉

鸡血玉产地不同,质地成分也不同,但都离不开硫化汞成分。鸡血玉由“地”和“血”两部组成。一般认为“血”的矿物成分主要是辰矽。“地“的成分,如昌化鸡血玉,其“地”的矿物成分以粘土矿物中的地开石为主,也含有相当量的高岭石,明矾石、埃洛石、石英、黄铁矿等。

巴林鸡血玉主要是高岭石和硬水铝石,而质地较为细腻的黑冻鸡血玉和芙蓉冻鸡血玉的主要矿物成分为地开石和辰砂。前些年在吉林某金矿之顶部发现有近似“金顶红”的脉石英致密块体,其中辰砂非常细小,质地坚硬细腻,也是硬地含辰砂石料,当地称朱砂玉。 [1]  [3] 

鸡血的成份是硫化汞,石质则为地开石或高岭石,硬度为2—3度。石中时常带有水银斑及少量的石英颗粒突起于石表面。鸡血中除主要成份为硫化汞外,还含有少量的致色元素铁和钛。它们是深色染剂,它的含量多少是鸡血呈现不同红色的主要原因,含量多则血色呈暗红色。另外,鸡血玉也含有不同的感光元素硒、碲,这也是鸡血在光照和热烤下退色或变色(呈现暗红)的主要原因。 [1] 

外形

鸡血玉没有固定的形状,叫块石状,它的色状有块血、条血、梅花血、浮云血。

https://img10.artimg.net/public/write/png/202105/1750ca679480e51cea3a925b757c9d9c/1750ca679480e51cea3a925b757c9d9c.png

https://img10.artimg.net/public/write/png/202105/364b14fd1964db4406b3a980efc672ad.png


Jixue jade is formed by the penetration of cinnabar (mercuric sulfide) into kaolinite and dickite. Such a natural gem is extremely rare at home and abroad. Jixueyu occurs in the head, tail and edge of cinnabar belt of low temperature hydrothermal deposit, volcanic rock or hot spring deposit, and its production is quite limited. Chicken blood jade is mainly used as seal and carving material[ 1-2] 

Chicken blood jade

Chicken blood jade

Chicken blood jade from different producing areas, texture composition is also different, but are inseparable from mercuric sulfide composition. Jixueyu is composed of two parts: Earth and blood. It is generally believed that the mineral composition of "blood" is mainly chensi“ The mineral composition of "Di", such as Changhua Jixue jade, is mainly dickite in clay minerals, and also contains a considerable amount of kaolinite, alunite, halloysite, quartz, pyrite, etc.

The main mineral components of Balin chicken blood jade are kaolinite and diaspore, while the main mineral components of black frozen chicken blood jade and Furong frozen chicken blood jade are dickite and cinnabar. A few years ago, a gangue quartz compact block similar to "jindinghong" was found at the top of a gold deposit in Jilin Province. Cinnabar is very small, hard and fine, and also contains cinnabar stone in hard ground, which is called cinnabar jade locally[ 1]  [3] 

The composition of chicken blood is mercuric sulfide, the stone is dickite or kaolinite, the hardness is 2-3 degrees. There are Mercury spots and a small amount of quartz particles on the surface of the stone. In addition to mercuric sulfide, chicken blood also contains a small amount of iron and titanium. They are dark dyes. The main reason for the different red color of chicken blood is the content of them. In addition, chicken blood Jade also contains different photosensitive elements, such as selenium and tellurium, which is the main reason for the fading or discoloration (dark red) of chicken blood under light and heat[ 1] 

appearance

Chicken blood jade has no fixed shape, which is called stone shape. Its color shape includes block blood, strip blood, plum blood and floating cloud blood.


来源:珍宝艺术

特别声明:本文为艺术头条自媒体平台“艺术号”作者上传并发布,仅代表该作者观点。艺术头条仅提供信息发布平台。

是否打开艺术头条阅读全文?

取消打开
打开APP 查看更多精彩
该内容收录进ArtBase内容版

    大家都在看

    打开艺术头条 查看更多热度榜

    评论

    我要说两句

    分享到微信,

    请点击右上角。

    再选择[发送朋友]

    [分享到朋友圈]

    已安装 艺术头条客户端

       点击右上角

    选择在浏览器中打开

    最快最全的艺术热点资讯

    实时海量的艺术信息

      让你全方位了解艺术市场动态

    未安装 艺术头条客户端

    去下载

    /